Food Safety Policy
Best Practice – Quality Area 2
This policy will provide guidelines for:
- effective food safety practices at Elsa Macleod Kindergarten that comply with legislative requirements and meet best practice standards
- minimising the risk to children of scalds and burns from hot drinks.
This policy should be read in conjunction with Nutrition and Active Play Policy.
Elsa Macleod Kindergarten is committed to:
- ensuring the safety of all children and adults attending the service
- taking all reasonable precautions to reduce potential hazards and harm to children attending the service
- ensuring adequate health and hygiene procedures are implemented at the service, including safe practices for handling, preparing, storing and serving food
- promoting safe practices in relation to the handling of hot drinks at the service
- educating all service users in the prevention of scalds and burns that can result from handling hot drinks
- complying with all relevant legislation and standards, including the Food Act 1984 and the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code.
This policy applies to all individuals involved in handling, preparing, storing and serving food for consumption at Elsa Macleod Kindergarten, and to the Approved Provider, Nominated Supervisor, Certified Supervisor, educators, staff, students on placement, volunteers, parents/guardians, children and others attending the programs and activities of the service.
3. Background and legislation
Food safety is very important in early childhood service environments. Young children are often more susceptible to the effects of foodborne illness than other members of the community. Foodborne illness (including gastrointestinal illness) can be caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses, chemicals or foreign objects that are present in food. Food provided by a children’s service:
- must be fit for human consumption
- must not be adulterated or contaminated
- must not have deteriorated or perished.
Safe food practices can also assist in reducing the risk of a severe allergic reaction (e.g. anaphylaxis) by preventing cross-contamination of any food given to children with diagnosed food allergies (refer to Anaphylaxis Policy and Asthma Policy).
Legislation and standards
Relevant legislation and standards include but are not limited to:
- Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code
- Child Wellbeing and Safety Act 2005
- Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010: Section 167
- Education and Care Services National Regulations 2011: Regulation 77
- Food Act 1984 (Vic), as amended 2012
- National Quality Standard, Quality Area 2: Children’s Health and Safety
– Standard 2.1: Each child’s health is promoted
– Element 2.1.1: Each child’s health needs are supported
- Occupational Health and Safety Act 2004
- Public Health and Wellbeing Act 2008 (effective as of 1 January 2010 – replaces the Health Act 1958)
The terms defined in this section relate specifically to this policy. For commonly used terms e.g. Approved Provider, Nominated Supervisor, Regulatory Authority etc. refer to the General Definitions section of this manual.
Department of Health: The State Government department responsible for the health and wellbeing of Victorians, and with oversight of the administration of the Food Act 1984.
Duty of care: A common law concept that refers to the responsibilities of organisations to provide people with an adequate level of protection against harm and all reasonable foreseeable risk of injury.
Food allergies: Some foods and food ingredients, or their components, can cause severe allergic reactions including anaphylaxis (refer to Anaphylaxis Policy). Less common symptoms of food allergy include infantile colic, reflux of stomach contents, eczema, chronic diarrhoea and failure to thrive in infants. Food allergies are often caused by peanuts, tree nuts, milk, eggs, sesame seeds, fish and shellfish, soy and wheat. For more information on food allergies, visit www.allergyfacts.org.au
Food safety: (In relation to this policy) ensuring food provided by the service is fit for human consumption.
Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ): A bi-national Government agency with the responsibility to develop and administer the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code (the Code), which details standards and requirements in areas such as food additives, food safety, labelling and genetically modified (GM) foods. Enforcement and interpretation of the Code is the responsibility of State/Territory departments and food agencies within Australia and New Zealand.
Hazardous food: Food containing dangerous biological, chemical or physical agents, or food in a condition that has the potential to cause adverse health effects in humans.
High-risk foods: Bacteria that has the potential to cause food-poisoning can grow and multiply on some foods more easily than others. High-risk foods include meat, seafood, poultry, eggs, dairy products, small goods, cooked rice/pasta and prepared salads (such as coleslaw, pasta salads, rice salads and fruit salads). Food that is contained in packages, cans or jars can become high-risk once opened, and should be handled and stored appropriately.
Hot drink: Any container holding a liquid that has been heated or boiled, and that remains above room temperature (25°C) for any period of time.
Scalds: Burns by hot fluids, steam and other hot vapours.
5. Sources and related policies
- Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code: www.foodstandards.gov.au/foodstandards/foodstandardscode.cfm
- Burns and scalds – children. Available from the Better Health Channel: www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Burns_and_scalds_children
- Department of Health – Food Safety. Contact the Department of Health if your inquiry relates to general food compliance issues (and you don’t know where to start) or you are looking for publications on food safety or information on legislation.
– Keeping food safe: www.health.vic.gov.au/foodsafety/bus/keeping.htm
– Food safety at home and in the community: www.health.vic.gov.au/foodsafety/home/index.htm
- dofoodsafely – a free online food safety program: http://dofoodsafely.health.vic.gov.au/
Kids Health Info at The Royal Children’s Hospital Melbourne provides kids health and safety resources for purchase. To purchase a resource, phone (03) 9345 6429 or visit www.rch.org.au/chas/. Kids Health Info is part of the Family Services Department of The Royal Children’s Hospital Melbourne, which also includes the Safety Centre, the Family Resource Centre and the Volunteer Service. Royal Children’s Hospital Safety Centre, 50 Flemington Road, Parkville. Telephone advisory line: (03) 9345 5085 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
- Kidsafe: telephone (03) 9251 7725 or email: email@example.com. For a fact sheet on scalds and burns, visit their website: www.kidsafevic.com.au/images/stories/pdfs/Burns_Scalds.pdf
- Monash University Accident Research Centre (2008) Hot drink scalds in children aged 0 to 4, www.monash.edu.au/muarc/VISU/reports/hotdrinks.html
National Health and Medical Research Council (2005) Staying Healthy in Child Care: Preventing infectious diseases in child care, www.nhmrc.gov.au/guidelines. (Note: this publication is currently being revised and will have significant changes. It is important that services refer to the most up-to-date version of this resource.)
- Administration of First Aid Policy
- Anaphylaxis Policy
- Asthma Policy
- Dealing with Medical Conditions Policy
- Diabetes Policy
- Excursions and Service Events Policy
- Hygiene Policy
- Incident, Injury, Trauma and Illness Policy
- Interactions with Children Policy
- Nutrition and Active Play Policy
- Occupational Health and Safety Policy
- Staffing Policy
- Supervision of Children Policy
- ensuring that the Nominated Supervisor, staff and volunteers at the service implement adequate health and hygiene practices, and safe practices for handling, preparing and storing food, to minimise risks to children being educated and cared for by the service (Regulation 77(1))
- ensuring that the Nominated Supervisor and all staff are provided with a copy of this policy and are kept up-to-date with current legislation, standards, policies, information and resources relating to food safety
- ensuring that staff undergo training in safe food handling, as required
- ensuring that good hygiene practices are maintained at the service (refer to Sources: Department of Health – Food Safety: Keeping food safe and Hygiene Policy)
- displaying hygiene guidelines/posters and food safety guidelines/posters in the food areas of the service for the reference of staff and families involved in the preparation and distribution of food to children (refer to Sources: Department of Health – Food Safety: Keeping food safe and Hygiene Policy)
- ensuring that this policy is referred to when undertaking risk assessments for excursions and other service events
- ensuring measures are in place to prevent cross-contamination of any food given to children with diagnosed food allergies (refer to Anaphylaxis Policy and Asthma Policy)
- ensuring that all facilities and equipment for food preparation and storage are clean, and in good repair and working order
- providing a calibrated thermometer in good working order, suitable for monitoring the temperature of the fridge/freezer in food preparation areas. Glass thermometers containing mercury are not recommended in or near food preparation areas
- removing pests and vermin from the premises
- informing DEECD, DHS and parents/guardians if an outbreak of gastroenteritis or possible food poisoning occurs at the service
- informing families of the availability of cold storage facilities at the service to ensure parents/guardians make suitable food choices when supplying food for their own child, or for children to share
- ensuring staff, parents/guardians and others attending the service are aware of the acceptable and responsible practices for the consumption of hot drinks (refer to Attachment 1 – Responsible consumption of hot drinks at the service).
- ensuring that staff and volunteers at the service implement adequate health and hygiene practices, and safe practices for handling, preparing and storing food, to minimise risks to children being educated and cared for by the service (Regulation 77(2))
- ensuring parents/guardians provide details of their child’s specific nutritional requirements (including allergies) on the enrolment form, and discussing these prior to the child commencing at the service and whenever these requirements change
- keeping up-to-date with current legislation, standards, policy, information and resources relating to food safety
- ensuring staff undergo training in safe food handling and good hygiene practices, as required
- ensuring this policy is referred to when undertaking risk assessments for excursions and other service events
- ensuring students, volunteers, and casual and relief staff at the service are informed of this policy.
- keeping up-to-date with current legislation, standards, policy, information and resources relating to food safety
- being aware of safe food practices and good hygiene practices (refer to Sources: Department of Health – Food Safety: Keeping food safe and Hygiene Policy), and undergoing training if required
- referring to this policy when undertaking risk assessments for excursions and other service events
- informing students, volunteers, and casual and relief staff at the service about this policy
- ensuring that children’s lunchboxes are kept indoors, away from heat sources (including direct sunlight) and refrigerated if necessary
- discussing food safety with children to increase awareness and assist in developing safe practices
- ensuring that children do not share lunches to minimise risks in relation to children with food allergies
- providing adequate supervision of children while they are eating (refer to Supervision of Children Policy)
- teaching children to wash and dry their hands (refer to Hygiene Policy):
The Approved Provider is responsible for:
The Nominated Supervisor is responsible for:
Certified Supervisors, educators and other staff are responsible for:
– before touching or eating food
– after using the toilet
– after blowing their nose, coughing or sneezing
– after playing with an animal/pet
- encouraging parents/guardians to discuss a child’s nutritional requirements, food allergies or food sensitivities, and informing the Nominated Supervisor where necessary
- seeking input from parents/guardians on cultural values or religious expectations regarding food handling, provision and consumption
- informing the Nominated Supervisor or Approved Provider of any outbreaks of gastroenteritis or possible food poisoning at the service
- removing hazardous food (refer to Definitions), including food that has fallen on the floor, and providing alternative food items
- documenting and implementing a food safety program (refer to Definitions), if required
- maintaining good personal and kitchen hygiene (refer to Sources: Department of Health – Food Safety: Keeping food safe and Hygiene Policy)
- covering all wounds/cuts on hands or arms with wound strips or bandages
- wearing disposable gloves when handling food
- complying with the guidelines in relation to the consumption of hot drinks at the service (refer to Attachment 1 – Responsible consumption of hot drinks at the service)
- informing parents/guardians and visitors to the service about the guidelines in relation to the consumption of hot drinks at the service (refer to Attachment 1 – Responsible consumption of hot drinks at the service).
- washing hands prior to participating in food preparation and cooking activities
- ensuring that food preparation surfaces, utensils, lunchboxes and reusable drink bottles are clean
- wearing disposable gloves when handling food
- packing a cold item, such as a frozen water bottle, with perishable foods in a child’s lunchbox, or using an insulated lunchbox or cooler
- complying with the requirements of this policy
- providing details of specific nutritional requirements (including allergies) on their child’s enrolment form, and discussing these with the Nominated Supervisor prior to the child commencing at the service and whenever these requirements change.
Parents/guardians are responsible for:
Volunteers and students, while at the service, are responsible for following this policy and its procedures.
In order to assess whether the values and purposes of the policy have been achieved, the Approved Provider will:
- regularly seek feedback from everyone affected by the policy regarding its effectiveness
- monitor the implementation, compliance, complaints and incidents in relation to this policy
- monitor and investigate any issues related to food safety, such as reports of gastroenteritis or food poisoning
- keep the policy up to date with current legislation, research, policy and best practice
- revise the policy and procedures as part of the service’s policy review cycle, or as required
- notify parents/guardians at least 14 days before making any changes to this policy or its procedures.
- Attachment 1: Responsible consumption of hot drinks at the service
This policy was adopted by the Approved Provider of Elsa Macleod Kindergarten in September, 2013
Review date: February, 2020
Responsible consumption of hot drinks at the service
The Approved Provider, Nominated Supervisor and all staff are responsible for:
- ensuring that hot drinks are only prepared in areas inaccessible to children, such as the kitchen, staffroom and office
- ensuring that lukewarm drinks are consumed in lidded cups/mugs and kept in the kitchen, or on the high shelf outside, located near the bathroom door
- informing parents/guardians on duty, visitors to the service, students, volunteers and any other person participating in the program of the service’s hot drink procedures and the reasons for such procedures
- ensuring that children enrolled and participating in the program do not have access to areas of the building that are likely to be hazardous, including the kitchen, staffroom and office
- ensuring that parents/guardians attending the service actively supervise children in their care who are not enrolled in the program, including siblings
- ensuring that at least one educator with current approved first aid qualifications is in attendance and immediately available at all times that children are being educated and cared for by the service
- implementing safety procedures in relation to hot drinks at service events occurring outside operational hours, including:
– offering alternative drinks for adults e.g. juice, water or iced coffee
– safely locating urns, kettles and power cords out of reach of children
– preparing and consuming hot drinks in an area inaccessible to children
– ensuring a person with current approved first aid qualifications is in attendance for social events held outside operational hours.